Analysis and Territorial Strategy of the Driouch Coast and Berkane
Under the supervision and direction of the Ministry of Urbanism of the Kingdom of Morocco, the SDAU (Schéme Directeur d’Aménagement Urbaine or Urban Planning Scheme) is set up in Morocco as a fundamental tool to establish the strategic lines of a territory in urban, economic, social and environmental terms.
The SDAU of Berkane (www.sdaugrandberkane.com) is spread over the 16 municipalities of the province, which means an area of more than 1800 km2 and close to a 300,000 population. Along the border of Algeria, Berkane is a city located between the two major cities of the Eastern region: Oujda, regional capital and administrative center, and Nador, where it is being built one of the main Mediterranean ports of Morocco (Nador West Med).
The strategy in the case of Berkane is based on three main axes:
- Design of a balanced territorial framework based on the major urban centers to avoid the urban sprawl on high agricultural value areas.
- Development of an inclusive mobility scheme of Berkane with the great regional poles (Oujda and Nador).
- Encourage the connection of the coast with the hinterland by linking the two major natural assets of Berkane: Saidia beach and the Beni Snassen mountains.
Continuing west along the Mediterranean seaside, the SDAU of the Driouch province coast (www.sdaulittoraldriouch.com) extends over an area of 950 km2 between Nador and Al Hoceima, including a population of 90,000 inhabitants. It is a space with a mountainous relief, which favors the dispersion of small urban centers and hinders both the internal mobility and its connection with the outside.
In this way, the objectives of the Driouch coast plan are mainly the followings:
- Enhance the main villages with territorial level facilities, and reinforce the transversal connections between the coast and the interior of the province.
- Preserve the natural and landscape value of the coastline with low-impact interventions supporting a sustainable tourism.
- Reinforce the cultural identity of the Temsamane valley, its local agriculture, natural spaces, and historical reference to the colonial resistance of the Rif.
Both in the analysis of the territory and in the preparation of the strategies, the contact with relevant actors, the dissemination and the consultation is a constant, through sectoral meetings, participatory workshops, coordination with the consultants, and/or presentations to the authorities.
Attractiveness of the Territory
As a part of the so-called «advanced regionalization» Morocco is making a great effort to complete an ambitious system of strategic, territorial and urban plans, to manage its growth in the medium term.
The urban planning schemes establish the development guidelines for the next 25 years of a territorial area. The success of a territory is expressed in terms of attractiveness, focused around four basic strategic lines: Identity, Habitability, Competitiveness and Connectivity.